Doping controls are the responsibility of the anti-doping organizations that have signed the World Anti-Doping Code (WADC) and undertaken to implement it. Its application by signatories is constantly monitored by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).
Anti-doping organizations are essentially international sports federations (IFs) and national anti-doping organizations (NADOs). In France, the NADO is the French Anti-Doping Agency (AFLD).
When an athlete violates anti-doping rules, he or she is liable to be sanctioned by the AFLD or by his or her international federation (suspension from sporting activity, fine, annulment of results if the violation concerns a competition, etc.).
Anti-doping tests carried out by organizations that are not signatories to the WADA do not allow athletes with a “positive test” to be sanctioned.
To be officially recognized, a doping control must meet all of the following criteria: